Istanbul is the favorite city of the whole world, the only city in the world that combines two continents and is home to the largest empires ever. This unique city, home to numerous different cultures and people, has left a trail for every empire, and every culture. There are many places and museums to visit in this vast metropolis. Istanbul, which has been in existence for many years, has many historical places in its structure since it has hosted many different cultures at its long history. We will share each of these historic places with you in this article.
1) YEREBATAN CISTERN
When we look at the history of Yerebatan cistern, we can see that it was constructed between 527 and 565. The largest cistern in Istanbul, the Yerebatan Cistern is intended to carry water to palaces in the nearby region. In the cistern there is also a Medusa head statue which is of great importance as historical value. Today, Yerebatan cistern serves as a museum. This cistern is also home to a variety of cultural activities. Many visitors of the cistern make a wish by throwing money into the water.
2) HAGIA SOPHIA MUSEUM
Hagia Sophia Museum was made to be built between 532 and 537 years after the BC by Byzantine Emperor I. Justinian. Hagia Sophia Museum was built as a church, but it was converted into a mosque after the conquest of Istanbul by Fatih Sultan Mehmet in 1453 and was used as a mosque during the Ottoman period. Then with the request of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk in 1934, it was converted into a museum. Hagia Sophia has been used as a museum since 1935. It is quite fascinating with its size and the richness of its interior decorations. Hagia Sophia’s greatness and magnificence has not been achieved for centuries by any construction or structure.
3) EYÜP SULTAN MOSQUE
The Eyüp Sultan Mosque, built in 1458, is a sacred place that Muslims are constantly visiting. The mosque, in which Eyüp Sultan’s mausoleum is located, is one of the most crowded mosques in Istanbul, due to the fact that it has received many visitors. Especially during the month of Ramadan, it is visited extensively. It is also the first mosque in Istanbul.
4) TOPKAPI PALACE JUSTICE TOWER
The highest structure of the Topkapı Palace is the Justice Tower. It was made to be built by Fatih Sultan Mehmet. All administrative decisions were taken here in the time of the Ottoman Empire. Today, it is a historical touristic building.
5) TOPKAPI PALACE
Topkapı Palace is a palace where around 4000 people lived and the people were ruled by the Ottomans for 400 years. It was made to be built by Fatih Sultan Mehmet and opened for the first time in history as a museum during the reign of Abdülmecit.
6) AYŞE SULTAN FOUNTAIN
Another historical monument of Istanbul is the Ayşe Sultan fountain. It was built in 1598. It was made to be built by Ayşe Sultan, III. Murad’s daughter. The fountain attracts attention with its obvious traces of Ottoman architecture.
7) AYNALIKAVAK PAVILION
It is not known when this structure was built, which is visited by many tourists during the year. Aynalıkavak Pavilion, known as the Dockyard Palace during the Ottoman Empire period, is the only surviving example from its group of buildings.
8) DOLMABAHCE PALACE
The area where Dolmabahçe Palace is now was known to be a big bay of the Bosporus 400 years ago. This area has become a swamp in time and in the 17.century, it began to be filled. The area has been converted into a garden. The places in this garden, constructed in several periods, were called Beşiktaş Sahil Sarayı. Beşiktaş Sahil Sarayı was demolished by Sultan Abdülmecid and the construction of Dolmabahçe Palace was started in 1843.
9) GALATA BRIDGE
It was made to be built by I. Abdülmecit’s mother in 1845. Due to the wooden construction, the rapidly aging bridge was renovated by Hasan Ahmet Pasha in 1863.
10) HASEKI BATH
The Haseki Sultan bath was made to be built by Hürrem Sultan in 1556 to Architect Sinan.